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Health tip: Cramp got your leg?

(HealthDay News) — A muscle cramp occurs when a muscle involuntarily contracts. It often occurs during a sport or other exercise, but a muscle can spasm even during sleep.

The ADAM Encyclopedia offers these suggestions for alleviating or preventing a muscle cramp:

  • Stop your activity right away, and perform some gentle stretching or massage.
  • Heat the muscle while it’s cramping. Apply ice for pain later.
  • Take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug to help manage pain.
  • Drink plenty of water, a sports drink or take a salt tablet.
  • Don’t push yourself beyond your limit while working out.
  • Be sure to include enough potassium in your diet.
  • Stretch your muscles regularly.

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